Types of Power

Types of Power

Five types of power that leaders use to achieve objectives as follows:

1. Expert Power – Expert power influences subordinates based on the belief that the leader has the expertise that is of real benefit. This type of power comes from education, experience, and training. Typically, subordinates follow leaders who they feel have expertise in a particular subject matter.

2. Referent Power – This type of power is referred to as having charisma and personality that would make subordinates want to follow. Referent power draws respect and attracts followers to the leader. In some cases, referent power may stem from the leader’s association with another powerful figure.

3. Legitimate Power – This power starts from the day the principal's tenure begins. It is a mutually accepted understanding that subordinates must follow the directives of the leader because the leader has legitimate power over the teachers. 

4. Reward Power – Reward power becomes unique in that the strength of the power lies in the subordinates’ perceptions of the reward’s value. With this type of power, the leader who has the authority to issue a pay raise, for example, the strength of the reward may be more powerful than the authority to issue subordinates with a yearly calendar.

5. Coercive Power – Leaders who exercise this type of power will punish a subordinate for failure to comply or exhibiting undesirable behavior. This particular type of power is the opposite of reward power. Leaders using this type of power also employ reprimands, threats, demotions and undesirable work assignments. 

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