The Role of the Principal in Schools


The role of the principal covers many different areas including leadership, teacher evaluation, student discipline, and many others. Being an effective principal is hard work and is also time-consuming. A good principal is balanced within all their roles and works hard to ensure that that they are doing what they feel is best for all constituents involved. Time is a major limiting factor for every principal.  A principal must become efficient at practices such as prioritizing, scheduling, and organization.

1.    Role as a School Leader

A school principal is the primary leader in a school building. A good leader always leads by example. A principal should be positive, enthusiastic, have their hand in the day to day activities of the school, and listen to what their constituents are saying. An effective leader is available to teachers, staff members, parents, students, and community members.  Good leaders stay calm in difficult situations, thinks before they act, and puts the needs of the school before themselves. An effective leader steps up to fill in holes as needed, even if it isn’t a part of their daily routine. 

2.    Role in Student Discipline

A large part of any school principal’s job is to handle student discipline. The first step of having effective student discipline is to make sure that your teachers know what you are expecting when it comes to student discipline. Once they understand how you want them to handle it, then your job becomes easier.  The discipline issues you deal will mostly come from teacher referrals. There are times that this can take a large part of the day.
good principal will listen to all sides of an issue without jumping to conclusions collecting as much evidence as you can. A principal role in student discipline is much like that of a judge and a jury. You decide whether the student is guilty of a disciplinary infraction and what penalty should be enforced. An effective principal always documents discipline issues, makes fair decisions, and informs parents when necessary. 

3.    Role as a Teacher Evaluator

Most principals also are responsible for evaluating their teachers’ performance following district and state guidelines. An effective school has to have effective teachers and the teacher evaluation process is in place to make sure that the teachers in your building are effective. Evaluations should be fair and well documented pointed out both strengths and weaknesses.
Spend as much quality time in your classrooms as possible. Gather information each time you visit, even if it is just for a few minutes. Doing this allows the evaluator to have a larger collection of evidence of what actually goes on in a classroom, than a principal who has had minimal visits to a classroom. A good evaluator always lets their teachers know what their expectations are and then offers suggestions for improvement if those expectations are not being met. 

4.    Role in Developing, Implementing, and Evaluating Programs

Developing, implementing, and evaluating the programs within your school is another large part of a school principal’s role. A principal should always be looking for ways to improve the student experience at school. Developing effective programs that cover a variety of areas is one way to ensure this. It is acceptable to look at other schools in your area and to implement those programs within your own school that have proved to be effective elsewhere. Programs within your school should be evaluated every year and tweaked as necessary. If your reading program has become stale and your students are not showing much growth, then it may be necessary to review the program and make some changes to improve the quality of that program. 

5.    Role in Reviewing Policies and Procedures

An individual school’s governing document is their student handbook. A principal should have their stamp on the handbook. A principal should review, remove, rewrite, or write policies and procedures every year as needed. Having an effective student handbook can improve the quality of education your students receive. It can also make a principal’s job a little easier. The principal’s role is to make sure students, teachers, and parents know what these policies and procedures are and to hold each individual accountable for following them. 

6.    Role in Schedule Setting

Creating schedules every year can be a daunting task. It can take some time to get everything to fall into its proper place. There are many different schedules in which a principal may be required to create including a bell schedule, duty schedule, computer lab schedule, library schedule, etc. Cross checking each of those schedules to ensure that you are not putting too much on any one person at once can be difficult.
With all the scheduling you have to do, it is almost impossible to make everyone happy with their schedules. For example, some teachers like their plan first thing in the morning and others like them at the end of the day, but it is not impossible to accommodate all of them. It is probably best to create the schedule without trying to accommodate anyone. Also, be prepared to make adjustments to your schedules once the year begins. You need to be flexible because there are times that there are conflicts you did not foresee that need to be changed.

7.    Role in Hiring New Teachers

A vital part of any school administrator’s job is to hire teachers and staff that are going to do their job correctly. Hiring the wrong person can cause you huge headaches down the line while hiring the right person makes your job easier. The interview process is extremely important when hiring a new teacher. There are many factors that play into a person being a good candidate for you to hire. Those include teaching knowledge, personality, sincerity, excitement towards the profession, etc.
Once you have interviewed all your candidates, then it is equally important to call their references to get a feel for what the people who know them think they would do. After this process, you might narrow it down to your best 3-4 candidates and ask them to come back for a second interview. This time, ask the assistant principal, another teacher, or the superintendent to join you so that you can have another person’s feedback in the hiring process. Once you have completed this process, then rank your candidates accordingly and offer the person you think would be best for the position. Always be sure to let candidates you did not hire know that the position has been filled. 

8.    Role in Parent and Community Relations

Having good relations with parents and community members can benefit you in a variety of areas. If you have built trusting relationships with a parent whose child has a discipline issue, then it makes it easier to deal with the situation if the parent supports the school and your decision. The same holds true for the community. Building relationships with individuals and businesses in the community can help your school out tremendously. Benefits include donations, personal time, and overall positive support for your school. It is a vital part of any principal’s job to nurture their relationships with parents and community members. 

9. Role in Delegating

Many leaders by nature have a hard time putting things in others hands without their direct stamp on it. However, there is so much that has to be done, that it is vital that a school principal delegates some duties as necessary. Having people around you that you trust implicitly will make this easier. An effective school principal simply does not have enough time to do everything that needs done by themselves. They must rely on other people to assist them with getting things done and trust that they are going to do the job well.

Updated March 24, 2017

4 Instructional Leadership Skills Principals Must Have!

Instructional leadership involves setting clear goals, managing curriculum, monitoring lesson plans, allocating resources and evaluating teachers regularly to promote student learning and growth. Quality of instruction is the top priority for the instructional principal. Instructional leadership is committed to the core business of teaching, learning and knowledge. Staff members should meet on a regular basis to discuss how to do their jobs better and ultimately help students learn more effectively.

Four skills have been identified as essential for effective instructional leadership in principals.

1. Effective use of resources

It isn’t sufficient for principals to just know their faculty’s strengths and weaknesses. If specific resources can benefit the staff, the principal should be ready and prepared to provide them. They should also clearly recognize that teachers thrive on being appreciated and acknowledged for good performance.

2. Communication skills

Of course, instructional principals should be excellent communicators. Interpersonal or people skills are crucial to the success of a principal. They must be able to communicate their beliefs pertaining to education, including the conviction that every student is capable of learning. These skills inspire trust, spark motivation and empower teachers and students.

3. Serving as an instructional resource

Teachers rely on principals and other administrative officials to be sources of information related to effective instructional practices and current trends in education. Instructional leaders should be tuned in to all of the pertinent issues and current events related to curriculum, effective assessment and pedagogical strategies.

4. Being visible and accessible

Lastly, good principals should be a positive, vibrant and visible presence in the school. Modeling behaviors of learning, focusing on learning objectives, and leading by example are crucial to the success of an instructional principal.
In addition to these four qualities, a successful instructional principal should also have excellent planning and observation skills as well as proficiency in research and evaluation of both staff and student performance.
Source: https://education.cu-portland.edu  

តើការងារប្រភេទណាដែលអ្នកដឹកនាំចាំបាច់ត្រូវប្រគល់សិទ្ធឱ្យគេធ្វើជំនួស?

ជាទូទៅ អ្នកដឹកនាំតែងតែមានការងារជាច្រើនដែលស្ថិតនៅក្រោមទំនួលខុសត្រូវរបស់ខ្លួន រាប់ចាប់តាំងពីប្រភេទការងារធម្មតា រហូតដល់ប្រភេទការងារសំខាន់ៗជាច្រើនទៀត។ អ្នកដឹកនាំមិនអាចធ្វើការងារទាំងអស់ដោយខ្លួនឯងបានឡើយ គឺត្រូវធ្វើការបែងចែកឱ្យបុគ្គលិកក្រោមបង្គាប់ជាអ្នកធ្វើជំនួសទៅលើប្រភេទការងារមួយចំនួន ប៉ុន្តែនៅតែស្ថិតនៅក្រោមការតាមដាន និងត្រួតពិនិត្យរបស់អ្នកដឹកនាំដ៏ដែល។ មានន័យថាអ្នកដឹកនាំមានតួនាទីសំខាន់ក្នុងការបែងចែកការងារ ត្រួតពិនិត្យការងារ វាយតម្លៃការងារ និងផ្តល់យោបល់ដើម្បីធ្វើឱ្យមានភាពប្រសើរឡើង។

*** តើការងារប្រភេទណាដែលអ្នកដឹកនាំចាំបាច់ត្រូវប្រគល់សិទ្ធឱ្យគេធ្វើជំនួស?
ជាមធ្មតា ការងារត្រូវបានបែងចែកជា៤ប្រភេទផ្សេងៗគ្នាដូចខាងក្រោម៖
  1. ប្រភេទការងារសំខាន់ (Important)
  2. ប្រភេទការងារមិនសំខាន់ (Not Important)
  3. ប្រភេទការងារបន្ទាន់ (Urgent) 
  4. ប្រភេទការងារមិនបន្ទាន់ (Not Urgent)
*** វិធីសាស្រ្តនៃការបែងចែកការងារឱ្យបុគ្គលិកក្រោមបង្គាប់ជាអ្នកធ្វើជំនួស
  • ប្រភេទការងារសំខាន់និងបន្ទាន់៖ ត្រូវធ្វើដោយខ្លួនឯងភ្លាមៗ ដោយមិនតម្រូវឱ្យបែងចែកដល់បុគ្គលិកក្រោមបង្គាប់ឡើយ
  • ប្រភេទការងារសំខាន់ប៉ុន្តែមិនបន្ទាន់៖ ត្រូវធ្វើការសម្រេចចិត្តរៀបចំផែនការការងារជាមុន បន្ទាប់មកអនុវត្តតាមក្រោយ
  • ប្រភេទការងារបន្ទាន់ប៉ុន្តែមិនសំខាន់៖ ត្រូវធ្វើការបែងចែកការងារឱ្យបុគ្គលិកក្រោមបង្គាប់ធ្វើជំនួស និងត្រួតពិនិត្យការងារតាមក្រោយ
  • ប្រភេទការងារមិនសំខាន់និងមិនបន្ទាន់៖ ត្រូវទម្លាក់ចោល ឬជំរុះចោលនូវប្រភេទការងារមួយនេះ ឧទាហរណ៍: ការអាន e-mail ដែលមិនមានអត្ថប្រយោជន៍ និងការប្រើប្រាស់បណ្តាញទំនាក់ទំនងសង្គម (Faceebook) ជាដើម ។ 

ភាពខុសគ្នារវាងបុគ្គលិកធម្មតានិងបុគ្គលិកឆ្នើម

បុគ្គលិកធម្មតា (Average Employee)
1. មកធ្វើការដើម្បីតែប្រាក់ខែ (Come to work just for the paycheck)
2. គ្មានបំណងប្រាថ្នាចង់រៀនអ្វីដែលថ្មី (No desire to learn new things)
3. មិនដែលអានសៀវភៅ (Don’t read)
4. ប្រឆាំងការផ្លាស់ប្តូរ (Resist change)
5. មិនធ្វើផែនការ (Don’t plan)
6. មានការស្តីបន្ទោស (Blame)
7. មិនធ្លាប់ចែករំលែកគំនិតថ្មីៗ (Never contribute new ideas)
8. មិនមានទម្លាប់ហាត់ប្រាណ (Poor health habits)
9. ចូលចិត្តការខ្ជះខ្ជាយពេលវេលា (Love wasting time)
បុគ្គលិកឆ្នើម (Great Employee)
1. ចូលចិត្តធ្វើការឱ្យបានល្អប្រសើរ (Love doing the great work)
2. ជាអ្នកបន្តការរៀនរហូត (Constant learners)
3. អានសៀវភៅជាប្រចាំ (Read regularly)
4. ទទួលយកការផ្លាស់ប្តូរ (Embrace change)
5. រៀបចំផែនការសម្រាប់ជោគជ័យ (Plan for success)
6. មានទំនួលខុសត្រូវ (Take responsibility)
7. ចែករំលែកចំណេះដឹងថ្មីៗ (Sharing new ideas)
8. មានទម្លាប់ហាត់ប្រាណជាប្រចាំ (Great health habit)
9. ស្អប់ខ្ពើមការខ្ជះខ្ជាយពេលវេលា (Hate wasting time)


4 សំនួរមុនពេលធ្វើការសម្រេចចិត្ត

ដើម្បីឱ្យការសម្រេចចិត្តរបស់អ្នកទទួលបាននូវប្រសិទ្ធិភាពខ្ពស់ និងមិនមានផលប៉ះពាល់អវិជ្ជមានដល់ផ្នែកផ្សេងទៀតអ្នកចាំបាច់ត្រូវឆ្លើយនូវសំនួរចំនួន៤ដូចខាងក្រោម៖
  1. តើខ្ញុំទទួលបានពត៌មានគ្រប់គ្រាន់សម្រាប់ធ្វើការសម្រេចចិត្តហើយរឺនៅ? "Do I have enough information to make a decision?"
  2. តើអាចនឹងមានផលអាក្រក់អ្វីកើតឡើងប្រសិនបើខ្ញុំធ្វើការសម្រេចចិត្តបែបនេះ? "What would be the worth possible result if I make that decision?"
  3. តើខ្ញុំត្រូវធ្វើការសម្រេចចិត្តភ្លាមនៅពេលនេះមែនទេ? "Do I need to make a decision at this time?"
  4. តើខ្ញុំគឺជាមនុស្សម្នាក់ដែលមានការសម្រេចចិត្តល្អឥតខ្ចោះមែនទេ? "Am I the best person to make the decision?"

How to grow a business

ដើម្បីធ្វើឱ្យអាជីវកម្មមួយរីកចម្រើន ត្រូវបង្កើនប្រាក់ចំណូល មិនមែនកាត់បន្ថយចំណាយទេ។ To grow a business, enlarge its gross profit (value added) not cutting costs - Khim Phon 

"Financial Management for Non-Finance Managers" 

រួមផ្លូវមិនរួមដំណើរគឺជាកត្តានាំមកនូវគ្រោះថ្នាក់

រូបភាពមួយនេះពិតជាមានន័យគ្រប់គ្រាន់សម្រាប់ធ្វើការពិចារណា!

ជាការពិត ការមានគោលបំណងរួមគ្នាក្នុងការធ្វើអ្វីមួយទាំងក្នុងសង្គមគ្រួសារនិងការងារ វាគឺជាចំណុចខ្លាំងក្នុងការចាប់ផ្តើមដំបូង ដែលបានប្រមូលនូវគំនិតនិងយោបល់ល្អៗជាច្រើន ដើម្បីសម្រេចឱ្យបាននូវវត្ថុបំណងរួមពិតប្រាកដក្នុងថ្ងៃអនាគត។ ផ្ទុយទៅវិញ ការភ្លេចអំពីគោលបំណងរួម វាគឺជាចំណុចគ្រោះថ្នាក់បំផុតដែលអាចឈានដល់ភាពបរាជ័យទាំងអស់គ្នា។ តួយ៉ាងដូចជានៅក្នុងរូបគំនូរខាងគ្រោមនេះ មានមនុស្សបួននាក់កំពុងជិះលើទូកមួយ ដោយមានមនុស្សពីរនាក់អង្គុយផ្នែកខាងមុខ និងពីរនាក់ផ្សេងទៀតអង្គុយផ្នែកខាងក្រោយ។ ពេលកំពុងជិះលើទូកស្រាប់តែមានទឹកហូរចូលផ្នែកខាងមុខ ដោយតម្រូវឱ្យពីរនាក់ខាងមុខប្រឹងបាចទឹកចេញពីទូកដើម្បីសង្គ្រោះទូកកុំឱ្យលិចកណ្តាលសមុទ្រ។ ដោយឡែកពីរនាក់ខាងក្រោយបែរជាសើចសប្បាយ ថែមទាំងនិយាយគ្នាលេងថា "ខ្ញុំសប្បាយចិត្ត ព្រោះថាកន្លែងដែលទឹកហូរចូលនោះមិនមែននៅផ្នែកខាងយើងទេ"។ សំនួរសួរថា៖ តើពីរនាក់ខាងក្រោយនេះ ពួកគាត់អាចរស់បានទេប្រសិនបើទូកនេះលិចបាត់ទៅ? ការគិតខ្លីមួយគ្រា ការគិតមិនបានគ្រប់ជ្រុងជ្រោយ និងការភ្លេចគោលបំណងរួម វាគឺជាគ្រោះដ៏អាក្រក់សម្រាប់ពួកគេទាំងពីរក្រុម។

ក្នុងសង្គមគ្រួសាររឺកន្លែងបំពេញការងារ អ្នកចាំបាច់ត្រួវមានគំនិតរួមគ្នា និងចេះជួយខ្វល់ខ្វាយពីការបាត់បង់រឺខាតបង់នូវអ្វីមួយ ដែលអាចបង្កគ្រោះថ្នាក់ធ្ងន់ធ្ងរដល់មនុស្សគ្រប់គ្នាដែលរស់នៅជុំវិញខ្លួនយើង។ ភាពមិនអើពើរបស់អ្នក មិនប្រាកដថាអាចធ្វើឱ្យអ្នកទទួលបានភាពជោគជ័យឡើយ ប្រសិនបើអ្នកកំពុងស្ថិតនៅលើទូកតែមួយ។