Four Leadership Styles - SLII® Model

1. Directive Style (S1):

In the high directive–low supportive style, also known as the directing style, the leader focuses primarily on goal achievement. Communication is centered around providing clear instructions on what needs to be done and how goals are to be achieved. The leader closely supervises followers to ensure tasks are carried out according to instructions.

2. Coaching Style (S2):

The coaching approach represents a high directive–high supportive style. Leaders using this style not only emphasize goal achievement but also pay attention to meeting followers' socioemotional needs. They engage with followers by offering encouragement, seeking their input, and making final decisions on goal accomplishment. This style builds on the directing style by incorporating supportive behaviors to enhance follower engagement.

3. Supporting Style (S3):

In the supporting approach, leaders adopt a high supportive–low directive style. Here, the focus is not solely on goals but also on utilizing supportive behaviors to enhance followers' skills related to goal accomplishment. This includes active listening, providing praise, seeking input from followers, and offering constructive feedback. Leaders using this style empower followers to make day-to-day decisions while being available for guidance and problem-solving support.

4. Delegating Style (S4):

The low supportive–low directive style, known as the delegating approach, involves providing minimal goal input and social support. Leaders using this style aim to foster followers' confidence and motivation by allowing them to take ownership of the task. This approach involves less planning involvement, control of details, and goal clarification. Followers are entrusted with the responsibility of completing the task in a manner they see fit, promoting autonomy and self-direction.

Source — Leadership: Theory and Practice by Peter G. Northouse