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Models of Educational Leadership and Management

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Managerial leadership  Caldwell (1992:16-17)  Goal setting; Needs identification; Priority-setting; Planning; Budgeting; Implementing; and Evaluating.Transformational leadership  Leithwood (1994)  Building school vision; Establishing school goals; Providing intellectual stimulation; Offering individualized support; Modeling best practices and important organizational values; Demonstrating high-performance expectations; Creating a productive school culture; and Developing structures to foster participation in school decisions.