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Models of Educational Leadership and Management

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--> Managerial leadership  Caldwell (1992:16-17)  Goal setting;  Needs identification;  Priority-setting;  Planning;  Budgeting;  Implementing; and  Evaluating. 
 Transformational leadership  Leithwood (1994)  Building school vision;  Establishing school goals;  Providing intellectual stimulation;  Offering individualized support;  Modeling best practices and important organizational values;  Demonstrating high-performance expectations;  Creating a productive school culture; and  Developing structures to foster participation in school decisions.