Leadership in the 21st Century

The research emphasizes the process of leadership in the 21st century, where an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal through various leadership approaches:

1. Authentic leadership: Emphasizes the authenticity of leaders and their leadership.

2. Spiritual leadership: Focuses on utilizing values, a sense of calling, and membership to motivate followers.

3. Servant leadership: Positions the leader as a servant who uses "caring principles" to address followers' needs and facilitate their development into more autonomous, knowledgeable, and servant-like individuals.

4. Adaptive leadership: Involves leaders encouraging followers to adapt by addressing and resolving problems, challenges, and changes.

Source — Leadership: Theory and Practice by Peter G. Northouse