Position Power and Personal Power

Position Power 

1. Legitimate Power: This type of power is derived from one's formal position or authority within an organization. It is the power that comes with holding a specific title or role that grants the individual authority over others.

2. Reward Power: Reward power is based on the ability to provide rewards or incentives to others. Individuals with this power can motivate and influence others by offering rewards for desired behaviors or outcomes.

3. Coercive Power: Coercive power involves the ability to impose penalties or punishments on others for non-compliance or undesirable behavior. It relies on the fear of consequences to influence behavior.

4. Information Power: Information power is derived from possessing valuable knowledge or information that others require. Individuals with information power can influence others by providing or withholding crucial information.

Personal Power 

1. Referent Power: Referent power is based on the admiration, respect, and identification that others have for an individual. It stems from personal qualities that make others want to emulate or align themselves with that person.

2. Expert Power: Expert power is derived from an individual's expertise, knowledge, or skills in a particular area. It is the influence that comes from being recognized as an expert or authority in a specific field.