School-Based Management Practices

By adopting these practices, SBM aims to create more responsive, accountable, and effective educational environments that cater to the unique needs of each school community.

1.     Decentralized Decision-Making:

  • Schools have greater autonomy in making decisions about curriculum, budget, staffing, and resource allocation.
  • School leaders, teachers, and sometimes parents and students are involved in decision-making processes.

2.     Community Involvement:

  • Encourages active participation from parents, community members, and other stakeholders in school affairs.
  • Establishes school councils or boards that include representatives from various stakeholder groups.

3.     Accountability:

  • Schools are held accountable for student performance and overall school outcomes.
  • Implementation of performance-based assessments and evaluations for teachers and students.

4.     Customized Curriculum:

  • Schools can adapt the curriculum to meet the specific needs and interests of their student population.
  • Emphasis on local culture, language, and community values in the curriculum.

5.     Professional Development:

  • Continuous professional development opportunities for teachers and staff to improve their skills and teaching practices.
  • Encouragement of collaborative learning and sharing of best practices among educators.

6.     Resource Management:

  • Schools have control over their financial resources and can allocate funds based on their priorities and needs.
  • Efficient use of resources to improve educational outcomes and infrastructure.

7.     School Improvement Plans:

  • Development of strategic plans aimed at improving school performance and student achievement.
  • Regular monitoring and evaluation of progress towards goals outlined in the improvement plans.

8.     Innovative Practices:

  • Encouragement of innovation in teaching methods, technology integration, and extracurricular activities.
  • Flexibility to experiment with new approaches to education and learning.

9.     Enhanced Communication:

  • Improved communication channels between school administration, teachers, students, and parents.
  • Use of technology and social media to keep the school community informed and engaged.

10.   Focus on Student Needs:

  • Tailoring educational programs to address the diverse needs of students, including those with special needs or those who are gifted.
  • Implementation of support systems such as counseling, mentoring, and extracurricular activities to foster student development.