Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

1. Physiological Needs: These are the basic needs required for human survival, such as food, water, warmth, and rest. Without these, the human body cannot function properly.

2. Safety Needs: Once physiological needs are met, the need for security and safety becomes prominent. This includes personal security, employment, resources, health, and property.

3. Love and Belongingness Needs: After safety needs are fulfilled, social needs become important. This level includes relationships, friendships, intimacy, and family. Humans have a need to belong and be accepted by others.

4. Esteem Needs: This level includes the need for self-esteem and respect from others. It encompasses feelings of accomplishment, recognition, and achieving personal goals. Esteem needs are divided into two categories: (1) esteem for oneself (dignity, achievement, mastery, independence) and (2) the desire for reputation or respect from others (status, prestige).

5. Self-Actualization Needs: This is the highest level in Maslow's hierarchy. It refers to the realization of an individual's potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth, and peak experiences. Self-actualized individuals are those who have reached their fullest potential and are doing what they are meant to do.